White-faced hill partridge

Arborophila orientalis

IUCN: VU (Vulnerable)

This small ground-dwelling bird is endemic to East Java and finds its food of insects and grains by turning over leaf litter on the forest floor. The male will construct a dome-shaped nest for the female to lay her eggs. A bonded pair will duet call which reinforces their bond and territory claims. PCBA holds the only ex-situ conservation breeding population.

Javan green peafowl

Pavo muticus muticus

IUCN: EN (Endangered) assessed as species

Whilst the green peafowl is found throughout South-East Asia, PCBA houses the Javan subspecies in its Galliformes unit. These iconic birds have loud calls and a dazzling feather display that the male uses to court the female. This peafowl declines rapidly in the wild and suffers greatly from population fragmentation due to habitat conversion and high hunting pressure.

Great argus pheasant

Argusianus argus

IUCN: VU (Vulnerable)

The male great argus is one of the largest of all the pheasants and can measure up to two metres in length, including its long tail feathers which it uses in an impressive dance to court females. The female will lay two eggs in a nest constructed on the ground. They are found in Sumatra, Borneo and the Malay Peninsula. However, the great argus faces the threats of hunting and habitat loss throughout its distribution range.

Malay crestless fireback

Lophura erythrophthalma

IUCN: CR (Critically Endangered)

Found in Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia, this species has been heavily impacted by habitat loss of its preferred lowland forest, as well as by hunting, to such a point that they are believed to have declined by 80% in the past two decades. They are viewed as a high-priority species for conservation action. PCBA has an aviary complex dedicated to fireback pheasants.

Bornean crestless fireback

Lophura pyronota

IUCN: EN (Endangered)

Endemic to Borneo, this species was formally viewed as conspecific with the Malay crestless fireback, however plumage on the males is markedly different and is now accepted as a separate species. Preferring lowland forests, a habitat in rapid decline in the area, their conservation is of importance. PCBA has an aviary complex dedicated to fireback pheasants.